More than 100 years ago the czarist secret service claimed to have laid their hands on the records of the Zion World Congress of 1897. In 24 protocols the Jews had outlined their plans for world dominance. That this in fact was an anti-semitic artifact has already been proven scientifically many times. Why this pamphlet is such a central reference document for anti-semitism is harder to pin down. The author sets out to answer this question, what hunger for a world view these “protocols” meet, how legends are built up, and what meaning myths create.